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== Audience and Branding ==
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= '''BBC&nbsp;America''': ''"A Little Brit Different"''<br> =
  
BBC America offers a wide range of both old and contemporary British programming from a variety of genres consisting of drama, lifestyle, news and comedy.<ref name="CableU Television">http://www.cableu.tv/bbc-america-network-profile/</ref>&nbsp;Hit shows include documentaries, such as ''You are what you Eat'', sitcoms such as ''Peep Show,'' and reality television shows, such as ''Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares''. BBC America also airs broadcast journalism from one of its partner channels, ''BBC World News'' and more recently, in addition to broadcasting British films, has stretched to include such American cult- classics as ''Die Hard with a Vengeance'' in its evening line- up. As this diverse list suggests, BBC America caters to a variety of different audiences -with age groups ranging from 18 to 55 plus, and a median audience age of 37- rather than targeting a specific target audience.<ref>http://www.comcastspotlight.com/network/bbc-america</ref> However, unlike its UK counter- part, BBC America does not air children’s programming and instead sticks to the more adult picks from the UK line- up.
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== Debut  ==
  
While BBC America’s audience may not be defined by a certain age or gender, research carried out by the channel defines some of its specific characteristics. Senior Vice President Mark Gall describes his audience as “…from around the world…up-scale”, people who “have a very similar mind-set of what's important to [them]” and most importantly for advertisers, “early adopters to new stuff”.<ref>http://adage.com/mediaworks/article?article_id=122565</ref> In response to this research, BBC America shifted its focus to incorporate the channel more deeply into the digital era. Its prominent Internet website, for example, now allows viewers to access the playlists from their favorite shows. The UK BBC’s online player, which provides full access to its digital library, also positively benefits BBC America. The website grants American viewers a platform upon which to familiarize themselves with British programming. This generates new demand for BBC America entertainment. The channel also reinforces brand- image by association while audiences are away from the television. Audiences follow the extremely popular BBC News website throughout the day, encouraging them to return in the evening to a line-up of BBC America entertainment.  
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&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;On March 20th, 1998, the British Broadcasting Corporation finalized an eighteen month-long contract negotiation with Discovery to expand its international market. Anticipating the world of television to enter a more digital industry, the BBC made a $565 million agreement with the American broadcaster,<ref>Lawrie Mifflin. "BBC and Discovery to Develop Programming Together. " New York Times 20 Mar. 1998, Late Edition (East Coast): ProQuest National Newspapers Premier, ProQuest. Web. 6 Oct. 2010.</ref> to “position BBC more squarely on the international stage.<ref>Simon Beavis. "BBC teams up with Discovery; Communications revolution gathers pace". The Guardian London 20 Mar. 1998: LexisNexis Academic, Web. 6 Oct. 2010.</ref> As a result of the agreement, the BBC became the owner of an American cable channel: BBC America.<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The deal, which launched BBC America nine days later in the US, was one of “unprecedented scope and complexity”.<ref>Adam Dawtrey. "BBC, Discoveryin Fact Pact." Variety 24 Mar. 1998: LexisNexis Academic. Web. 6 Oct. 2010.</ref>&nbsp;Due to the BBC’s strict restrictions in commercial operations,&nbsp;more than 60 documents were signed to complete the agreement. <ref>Lawrie Mifflin. "BBC and Discovery to Develop Programming Together. " New York Times 20 Mar. 1998, Late Edition (East Coast): ProQuest National Newspapers Premier, ProQuest. Web. 6 Oct. 2010.</ref>&nbsp;The outcome of the deal was twofold: the BBC became the sole owner of BBC America and maintained editorial control over its new channel, while Discovery acquired the channel’s marketing rights. American cable subscribers received a new channel featuring British sitcoms, dramas and 2-hour daily news broadcasts<ref>JANE HALL. "Company Town; BBC, Discovery to Co-Produce Shows :[Home Edition]. " Los Angeles Times 20 Mar. 1998,Los Angeles Times, ProQuest. Web. 6 Oct. 2010.</ref>. (see Repertoire)<br>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;During the channel's debut, the owner of BBC America assured viewers that the channel’s values and shows would not become Americanized as a result of its U.S. financing.<ref>Adam Dawtrey. "BBC, Discoveryin Fact Pact." Variety 24 Mar. 1998: LexisNexis Academic. Web. 6 Oct. 2010.</ref>This financing featured an interesting distribution of the money. Discovery would have to spend $100 million in start-up costs for BBC America, $175 million in the co-production of documentaries shown on the new channel, and an additional $390 million on the development of other related international channels. Among these channel were Animal Planet, BBC Canada, People&amp;Arts, and others. <br><br>
  
<br> BBC America also uses its parent channel, BBC UK, to help with scheduling techniques. Because BBC America broadcasts both unique entertainment programming from the UK and broadcast journalism -a highly competitive field- its use of “lead- ins” largely determine its success. Each week day evening at 5pm, its popular program ''Doctor Who'' followed by ''Top Gear'' air directly before ''BBC News America''.<ref>http://www.bbcamerica.com/tvschedule.jsp</ref> The channel uses its competitive and edgy shows to maximize flow for its less distinctive programming. Airing reruns of BBC’s hit shows (''Top Gear, Star- Trek'') in the early morning and late night present another possibility of increasing revenue due to the low costs of production involved.
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== Ownership<br> ==
  
<br> BBC America’s unique international content has provided a major form of publicity in a final, perhaps unexpected, way. “Idea- sharing”, in the form of reworking British television hits into Americanized versions, such as NBC’s ''The Office: an American Workpla'ce'', supplies an abundance of free publicity for BBC America.<ref>http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117889920.html?categoryid=14&amp;amp;amp;cs=1&amp;amp;amp;query=BBC+America</ref> Each time a journalist writes an article on an Americanized, show the words “based on BBC America’s [original show name]…” provide highly effective media attention for the channel.
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; BBC America -available in 68 million homes-&nbsp;remains owned entirely by the British Broadcasting Corporation. The BBC produces many television channels funded by the UK’s television license fee, which includes four BBC channels, an additional HD channel, CBBC, CBeebies, BBC News Channel and BBC Parliament. In addition, the BBC worldwide branch has expanded its ownership of commercial TV channels to include: Animal Planet (owned partially with Discovery), BBC Canada, BBC Entertainment, BBC Kids (Canada), BBC Knowledge, BBC Lifestyle, BBC Worlds News, People+Arts and BBC Australia.<ref>“BBC’s international Commercial TV Channels”. BBC International Tv. Web. Oct. 6 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/tv/</ref><br>  
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== Repertoire  ==
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&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; BBC America offers a wide range of both old and contemporary British programming from a variety of genres consisting of drama, lifestyle, news and comedy.<ref>Genre list on CableU profile of BBC America- http://www.cableu.tv/bbc-america-network-profile/</ref>&nbsp;Hit shows include documentaries, such as ''You are what you Eat'', sitcoms such as ''Peep Show,'' and reality television shows, such as ''Ramsay’s Kitchen Nightmares''. BBC America also airs broadcast journalism from one of its partner channels, ''BBC World News'' and more recently, in addition to broadcasting British films, has stretched to include such American cult- classics as ''Die Hard with a Vengeance'' in its evening line- up. As this diverse list suggests, BBC America caters to a variety of different audiences -with age groups ranging from 18 to 55 plus, and a median audience age of 37- rather than targeting a specific target audience.<ref>Comcast package advertisement- http://www.comcastspotlight.com/network/bbc-america</ref>&nbsp;However, unlike its UK counter- part, BBC America does not air children’s programming and instead sticks to the more adult picks from the UK line- up.
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== Audience and Broadcasting Techniques  ==
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&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; While BBC America’s audience may not be defined by a certain age or gender, research carried out by the channel defines some of its specific characteristics. Senior Vice President Mark Gall describes his audience as “…from around the world…up-scale”, people who “have a very similar mind-set of what's important to [them]” and most importantly for advertisers, “early adopters to new stuff”.<ref>Hampp, Andrew. "BBC America Gets Its Own Sales Force." Advertising Age. Dec. 12, 2007.</ref>&nbsp;In response to this research, BBC America shifted its focus to incorporate the channel more deeply into the digital era. Its prominent Internet website, for example, now allows viewers to access the playlists from their favorite shows. The UK BBC’s online player, which provides full access to its digital library, also positively benefits BBC America. The website grants American viewers a platform upon which to familiarize themselves with British programming. This generates new demand for BBC America entertainment. The channel also reinforces brand- image by association while audiences are away from the television. Audiences follow the extremely popular BBC News website throughout the day, encouraging them to return in the evening to a line-up of BBC America entertainment.
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<br>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; BBC America also uses its parent channel, BBC UK, to help with scheduling techniques. Because BBC America broadcasts both unique entertainment programming from the UK and broadcast journalism --a highly competitive field-- its use of “lead- ins” largely determine its success. Each week day evening at 5pm, its popular program ''Doctor Who'' followed by ''Top Gear'' air directly before ''BBC News America''.<ref>Fall 2010 Schedule BBC America- http://www.bbcamerica.com/tvschedule.jsp</ref>&nbsp;The channel uses its competitive and edgy shows to maximize flow for its less distinctive programming. Airing reruns of BBC’s hit shows (''Top Gear, Star- Trek'') in the early morning and late night presents another possibility of increasing revenue due to the low costs of production involved.
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<br>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; BBC America’s unique international content has provided a major form of publicity in a final, perhaps unexpected, way. “Idea- sharing”, in the form of reworking British television hits into Americanized versions, such as NBC’s ''The Office: an American Workpla'ce'', supplies an abundance of free publicity for BBC America.<ref>Martin, Denise. "BBC America feeds frenzy for formats." Variety. Jul. 23, 2003.</ref>&nbsp;Each time a journalist writes an article on an Americanized show, the words “based on BBC America’s [original show name]…” provide highly effective media attention for the channel.
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== DIstribution, Transmission, and Production  ==
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&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; BBC America is in a unique situation, in that it is a commercial branch of its public parent (BBC UK's) network. As previously mentioned, it is entirely owned by the BBC and airs a large portion of BBC programming, yet is not eligible to receive funding by British TV licensing fees because the channel is not available in the UK. <ref>BBC America website, FAQ. http://www.bbcamerica.com/faq.jsp#whyads</ref>&nbsp;The programs that do not originate in the UK largely consist of BBC America’s news segment, adaptations of British shows, and syndications of American shows and movies.<br>
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&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; BBC America is transmitted by Discovery Networks on both digital cable and satellite providers. <ref>BBC America Press website, Overview. http://press.bbcamerica.com/overview.jsp</ref>&nbsp;In addition to the US, the channel is available internationally in Bermuda and Guam, and it airs its news segment in the UK on BBC News Channel and worldwide on BBC World News.&nbsp;<ref>BBC World News, World News America. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/world_news_america/default.stm</ref>
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<br>&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; As BBC America is the representative of British television in America, it offers a wide variety of programming from a wide variety of different producers. Naturally, the BBC is a major contributor to BBC America programming, with many programs being direct imports from the BBC and its other affiliates. Popular shows such as ''Doctor Who'' are produced exclusively by the BBC, while other original British shows have been produced partially or exclusively by private production studios and/or other British networks, such as ITV, Channel 4, and Five. BBC America also offers several programs that originated in the UK and have been adapted for American viewing. An American company working in conjunction with the original British producer typically produces these programs, which are altered to draw more advertisers in the commercialized American television market. For example, BBC World Productions has begun working with HISTORY to produce an American version of the global BBC hit car show, ''Top Gear''. <ref>Seidman, Robert. "HISTORY in Production with BBC on U.S. Version of ‘Top Gear‘ Hosted by Adam Ferrara, Tanner Foust and Rutledge Wood." August 6, 2010. http://tvbythenumbers.com/2010/08/06/history-in-production-with-bbc-on-u-s-version-of-top-gear-hosted-by-adam-ferrara-tanner-foust-and-rutledge-w