Middlebury

Difference between revisions of "Foreign Language Input and Support"

(Windows 10)
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== Typing Diacritics (accents) on the PC  ==
 
  
The best way to type occasional accents on the PC is with the US-International keyboard. See [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/306560 Microsoft's tutorial] for how to install it and how it works. If you only use accents infrequently and don't want to install an additional keyboard, you can use the built-in Microsoft [[#Typing accented characters in Microsoft Office|Office shorctuts]]. For users with a separate number pad on the right side of the keyboard, [http://symbolcodes.tlt.psu.edu/accents/codealt.html alt codes] are also an option.
+
== Typing Diacritics (accents) on the PC ==
 +
 
 +
The best way to type occasional accents on the PC is with the US-International keyboard. See [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/306560 Microsoft's tutorial] for how to install it and how it works. If you only use accents infrequently and don't want to install an additional keyboard, you can use the built-in Microsoft [[#Typing_accented_characters_in_Microsoft_Office|Office shorctuts]]. For users with a separate number pad on the right side of the keyboard, [http://symbolcodes.tlt.psu.edu/accents/codealt.html alt codes] are also an option.
  
 
If you frequently type in another language, it is recommended to install the keyboard for that language, so the keys you need will be close at hand. This page will show you how.
 
If you frequently type in another language, it is recommended to install the keyboard for that language, so the keys you need will be close at hand. This page will show you how.
  
== Using and configuring foreign language support in Windows ==
+
== Using and configuring foreign language support in Windows ==
The first thing you need to do is install an additional keyboard. Once this is done (as should already be the case on all public lab computers), you just need to switch to that language using the [[#Using The Language Bar|Language Bar]] (or these [[#Keyboard Shortcuts|keyboard shortcuts]]).
+
 
=== Configuring Your PC For Multilingual Language Support ===
+
The first thing you need to do is install an additional keyboard. Once this is done (as should already be the case on all public lab computers), you just need to switch to that language using the [[#Using_The_Language_Bar|Language Bar]] (or these [[#Keyboard_Shortcuts|keyboard shortcuts]]).
====Windows 10 - Classrooms & Public Windows Computers====
+
 
'''Method 1''':
+
=== Configuring Your PC For Multilingual Language Support ===
Keyboard input for foreign languages is pre-installed on all classroom and public computers at Middlebury College. It can be found under the '''Windows Start Image => 'M' Software Group => MIDD Languages'''.
+
 
<gallery>
+
==== Windows 10 - Classrooms & Public Windows Computers ====
 +
 
 +
'''Method 1''': Keyboard input for foreign languages is pre-installed on all classroom and public computers at Middlebury College. It can be found under the '''Windows Start Image => 'M' Software Group => MIDD Languages'''. <gallery>
 
File:MIDD - Languages (start menu).png|keyboard language input in Windows 10 classrooms and labs (start-menu)
 
File:MIDD - Languages (start menu).png|keyboard language input in Windows 10 classrooms and labs (start-menu)
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
'''Method 2''': There is also a desktop folder called "'''Language Keyboards'''" that when opened will allow a user to select from a number of language keyboard options. Double-click on the .bat file of the desired language. This will install the keyboard option for the selected language.
+
'''Method 2''': There is also a desktop folder called "'''Language Keyboards'''" that when opened will allow a user to select from a number of language keyboard options. Double-click on the .bat file of the desired language. This will install the keyboard option for the selected language. <gallery>
<gallery>
 
 
Language Keyboards Folder - desktop.PNG|Language Keyboard (desktop-folder)
 
Language Keyboards Folder - desktop.PNG|Language Keyboard (desktop-folder)
 
Language Keyboards Folder.PNG|Language Keyboard (open-folder)
 
Language Keyboards Folder.PNG|Language Keyboard (open-folder)
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
====Windows 8.1====
+
=== Using The Language Bar ===
Microsoft provides support to configure and manage different languages. Keep in mind that you might need to install a language pack in order to see all the different keyboard configurations available. See [http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-8/add-language-keyboard Microsoft's instructions].
 
  
====Windows 7 - Classroom and Public Computers====
+
[[File:Windows language bar.JPG|right|Windows language bar.JPG]] Windows&nbsp;offers support for many languages including Chinese, Japanese, Arabic and Russian. You can type in any of these languages using any program you want with the Input Method Editors (IME) available in Windows.
Keyboard input for foreign languages is pre-installed on all classroom and public computers at Middlebury College. It can be found under the '''Start button => Programs => MIDD Languages'''.
 
<gallery>
 
File:Keyboard_language_input_in_classrooms_and_labs.png|keyboard language input in classrooms and labs
 
</gallery>
 
 
 
====Windows 7====
 
If your computer does not have the language inputs that you desire, you can add them by using these instructions:
 
* [http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows7/Add-or-change-an-input-language Add or change an input language] (text and video instructions)
 
 
 
=== Using The Language Bar ===
 
  
[[Image:Windows language bar.JPG|right]] Windows 7 offers support for virtually any language including Chinese, Japanese, Arabic and Russian. You can type in any of these languages using any program you want with the Input Method Editors (IME) available in Windows.
+
#Start Microsoft Word (or any other application you want to use).  
 +
#Select the language you want to type in from the Language Bar on the taskbar:
 +
##Click the icon in the lower right corner of your screen. A pop-up menu will appear.
 +
##Select your language from the pop-up menu. (Some language options may require you to right-click on the language icon (e.g. CH) and chose Adjust the Language band position.
  
#Start Microsoft Word (or any other application you want to use).
+
*If you accidentally close the Language Bar, you can reopen it by right-clicking on an unused area on the taskbar and choosing '''Toolbars''' -> '''Language Bar'''.  
#Select the language you want to type in from the Language Bar on the taskbar:
 
##Click the icon in the lower right corner of your screen. A pop-up menu will appear.
 
##Select your language from the pop-up menu. (Some language options may require you to right-click on the language icon (e.g. CH) and chose Adjust the Language band position.)
 
  
* If you accidentally close the Language Bar, you can reopen it by right-clicking on an unused area on the taskbar and choosing '''Toolbars''' -&gt; '''Language Bar'''.
+
=== Keyboard Shortcuts ===
  
=== Keyboard Shortcuts  ===
+
*The faster way to switch between input languages is by pressing Alt+Shift to cycle through the available languages. Some languages, such as Japanese, will additionally require you to switch input methods - the keyboard shortcut for this is Alt+` (the accent grave/tilde key). For switching between keyboard setups in languages like Chinese or English (particularly useful if you are using the US-International keyboard), the shortcut is Ctrl+Shift.
  
*The faster way to switch between input languages is by pressing Alt+Shift to cycle through the available languages. Some languages, such as Japanese, will additionally require you to switch input methods - the keyboard shortcut for this is Alt+` (the accent grave/tilde key). For switching between keyboard setups in languages like Chinese or English (particularly useful if you are using the US-International keyboard), the shortcut is Ctrl+Shift.
+
=== Use the On-Screen Keyboard to find your way ===
  
=== Use the On-Screen Keyboard to find your way  ===
+
An '''On-Screen Keyboard''' can be useful for some languages such as Russian and Arabic. To run the on-screen keyboard, click '''Start''' -> '''All Programs''' -> '''Accessories''' -> '''Ease of Access''' -> '''On-Screen Keyboard'''.
An '''On-Screen Keyboard''' can be useful for some languages such as Russian and Arabic. To run the on-screen keyboard, click '''Start''' -&gt; '''All Programs''' -&gt; '''Accessories''' -&gt; '''Ease of Access''' -&gt; '''On-Screen Keyboard'''.
 
  
=== Input Method Editors (IME) ===
+
=== Input Method Editors (IME) ===
  
<br>Typing in many non-Latin-based languages requires learning how these characters are transliterated into English characters. Consult the instructors in your department or Language School for more detailed information. Here are some examples:
+
<br/> Typing in many non-Latin-based languages requires learning how these characters are transliterated into English characters. Consult the instructors in your department or Language School for more detailed information. Here are some examples:
  
{| width="600" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" width="600"
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Language'''
 
| '''Language'''
Line 75: Line 65:
 
|}
 
|}
  
=== Typing accented characters in Microsoft Office ===
+
=== Typing accented characters in Microsoft Office ===
  
 
You can type some foreign characters in MS Word, Outlook, and other Office programs without any special configuration. There are certain key combinations that signal your computer to use a character that isn't found on an English keyboard. These characters are actually pretty easy to enter in, once you learn the basic rule.
 
You can type some foreign characters in MS Word, Outlook, and other Office programs without any special configuration. There are certain key combinations that signal your computer to use a character that isn't found on an English keyboard. These characters are actually pretty easy to enter in, once you learn the basic rule.
Line 81: Line 71:
 
If you don't want to or don't know how to configure your keyboard to type in foreign characters directly, you can use this trick to enter in the characters in MS Word, and then copy and paste them into another program if needed.
 
If you don't want to or don't know how to configure your keyboard to type in foreign characters directly, you can use this trick to enter in the characters in MS Word, and then copy and paste them into another program if needed.
  
==== The basic rule ====
+
==== The basic rule ====
  
On a PC running Windows, MS Word's foreign character shortcuts usually involve first pressing [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] and some other character, and then pressing the letter key that you want to add an accent to.
+
On a PC running Windows, MS Word's foreign character shortcuts usually involve first pressing [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] and some other character, and then pressing the letter key that you want to add an accent to.
  
 
For example:
 
For example:
  
*to create a '''é''' character, press [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Quote.PNG]]; then release, and press [[Image:Key E.PNG]]. <br>''(The '''é''' is like an E with a ' on top of it.)''
+
*to create a '''é''' character, press [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Quote.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]; then release, and press [[File:Key E.PNG|RTENOTITLE]].<br/> ''(The '''é''' is like an E with a ' on top of it.)''  
*to create a '''ñ''' character, press [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Tilde.PNG]]; then release, and press [[Image:Key N.PNG]]. <br>''(The '''ñ''' is like an N with a ~ on top of it; notice that just as you have to hold SHIFT to type a ~ character normally, you have to hold [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] in order to create a "tildefied" special character.)''
+
*to create a '''ñ''' character, press [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Tilde.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]; then release, and press [[File:Key N.PNG|RTENOTITLE]].<br/> ''(The '''ñ''' is like an N with a ~ on top of it; notice that just as you have to hold SHIFT to type a ~ character normally, you have to hold [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] in order to create a "tildefied" special character.)''  
  
Macs running OSX have a slightly different system; see the [[#Mac OSX instructions|Mac instructions]] below.
+
Macs running OSX have a slightly different system; see the [[#Mac_OSX_instructions|Mac instructions]] below.
  
==== The full chart of key shortcuts: ====
+
==== The full chart of key shortcuts: ====
  
 
{| border="1"
 
{| border="1"
Line 101: Line 91:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| á, é, í, ó, ú
 
| á, é, í, ó, ú
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Quote.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Quote.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
| [[Image:Key A.PNG]] etc.
+
| [[File:Key A.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] etc.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| à, è, ì, ò, ù
 
| à, è, ì, ò, ù
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Tilde.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Tilde.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
| [[Image:Key A.PNG]] etc.
+
| [[File:Key A.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] etc.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ä, ë, ï, ö, ü
 
| ä, ë, ï, ö, ü
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Colon.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Colon.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
| [[Image:Key A.PNG]] etc.
+
| [[File:Key A.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] etc.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| â, ê, î, ô, û
 
| â, ê, î, ô, û
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + '''^''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''^''' key
| [[Image:Key A.PNG]] etc.
+
| [[File:Key A.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] etc.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ñ, ã, õ
 
| ñ, ã, õ
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Tilde.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Tilde.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
| [[Image:Key N.PNG]] etc.
+
| [[File:Key N.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] etc.
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ç
 
| ç
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + '''&lt;''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''<''' key
| [[Image:Key C.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key C.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| æ
 
| æ
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + '''&amp;''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''&''' key
| [[Image:Key A.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key A.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| œ
 
| œ
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + '''&amp;''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''&''' key
| [[Image:Key O.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key O.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ø
 
| ø
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + '''?''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''?''' key
| [[Image:Key O.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key O.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ß
 
| ß
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + '''&amp;''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''&''' key
| [[Image:Key S.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key S.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| å
 
| å
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + '''@''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''@''' key
| [[Image:Key A.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key A.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 148: Line 138:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ¡&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;
 
| ¡&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Alt.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + '''!''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Alt.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''!''' key
 
|-
 
|-
 
| ¿
 
| ¿
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Alt.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Shift.PNG]] + '''?''' key
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Alt.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Shift.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + '''?''' key
 
|-
 
|-
 
| €
 
| €
| [[Image:Key Ctrl.PNG]] + [[Image:Key Alt.PNG]] + [[Image:Key E.PNG]]
+
| [[File:Key Ctrl.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key Alt.PNG|RTENOTITLE]] + [[File:Key E.PNG|RTENOTITLE]]
 
|}
 
|}
  
== Microsoft Office Proofing Tools ==
+
== Microsoft Office Proofing Tools ==
  
 
Proofing Tools can be purchased for Microsoft Office that provide additional text input and formatting options for many languages such as Spelling and Grammar Checkers, Translation Dictionaries, Thesauri and Hyphenation Tools. Proofing Tools for Chinese also have options for converting Chinese text to Simplified or Traditional characters. Proofing Tools are installed in most computer labs at Middlebury and can be installed on College equipment by request, or purchased from Microsoft for personal computers.
 
Proofing Tools can be purchased for Microsoft Office that provide additional text input and formatting options for many languages such as Spelling and Grammar Checkers, Translation Dictionaries, Thesauri and Hyphenation Tools. Proofing Tools for Chinese also have options for converting Chinese text to Simplified or Traditional characters. Proofing Tools are installed in most computer labs at Middlebury and can be installed on College equipment by request, or purchased from Microsoft for personal computers.
  
== Mac OSX instructions ==
+
== Mac OSX instructions ==
  
Typing in accented characters is the same for all '''Mac '''applications, including the operating system.  
+
Typing in accented characters is the same for all '''Mac '''applications, including the operating system.
  
* The easiest way is to hold down the letter that you'd like to put a diacritic over or under. A menu should appear allowing you to select the appropriate output.
+
*The easiest way is to hold down the letter that you'd like to put a diacritic over or under. A menu should appear allowing you to select the appropriate output.  
  
* For more complex output, you can use "symbol codes". [http://sites.psu.edu/symbolcodes/mac/codemac/ '''A complete table can be found here.'''] Unusual requirements, such as transliterating non-Latin-based languages like Arabic, may require the use of the Extended keyboard mentioned on that site.  
+
*For more complex output, you can use "symbol codes". [http://sites.psu.edu/symbolcodes/mac/codemac/ '''A complete table can be found here.'''] Unusual requirements, such as transliterating non-Latin-based languages like Arabic, may require the use of the Extended keyboard mentioned on that site.  
  
* If your chosen language has a different script, or if you type in another language frequently enough that you'd rather use the keyboard layout designed for that language, you'll need to [https://support.apple.com/kb/PH18448?locale=en_US&viewlocale=en_US '''change your keyboard input method'''].  
+
*If your chosen language has a different script, or if you type in another language frequently enough that you'd rather use the keyboard layout designed for that language, you'll need to [https://support.apple.com/kb/PH18448?locale=en_US&viewlocale=en_US '''change your keyboard input method'''].  
  
For any of the above, you may also wish to use the [https://support.apple.com/kb/PH18449?locale=en_US&viewlocale=en_US '''virtual keyboard'''] to help you find unfamiliar keys.  
+
For any of the above, you may also wish to use the [https://support.apple.com/kb/PH18449?locale=en_US&viewlocale=en_US '''virtual keyboard'''] to help you find unfamiliar keys.
  
If you wish to not only change the keyboard layout, but also the language used in computer menus, dialogs, dates, times and currencies, you can [https://support.apple.com/kb/PH18433?locale=en_US '''change your display language'''].  
+
If you wish to not only change the keyboard layout, but also the language used in computer menus, dialogs, dates, times and currencies, you can [https://support.apple.com/kb/PH18433?locale=en_US '''change your display language''']. The steps should be similar for other earlier operating systems.
The steps should be similar for other earlier operating systems.
 
  
 
== IPA and other symbols ==
 
== IPA and other symbols ==
  
If you need to use the IPA or other special characters, the simplest way is to use an online keyboard like the one at http://ipa.typeit.org/full/. Otherwise, on a PC you can use Insert&gt;Symbol in your favorite Office program (for best results, make sure you're using a font with good Unicode support, such as [http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=doulossilfont Doulos].) On a Mac, you can enable the Character Viewer the same way you enable the on-screen keyboard above, then use the settings to display additional character lists.
+
If you need to use the IPA or other special characters, the simplest way is to use an online keyboard like the one at [http://ipa.typeit.org/full/ http://ipa.typeit.org/full/]. Otherwise, on a PC you can use Insert>Symbol in your favorite Office program (for best results, make sure you're using a font with good Unicode support, such as [http://scripts.sil.org/cms/scripts/page.php?site_id=nrsi&id=doulossilfont Doulos].) On a Mac, you can enable the Character Viewer the same way you enable the on-screen keyboard above, then use the settings to display additional character lists.
  
[[Category:Helpdesk Documentation]]
+
[[Category:Helpdesk Documentation]] [[Category:Language]] [[Category:Foreign characters]] [[Category:Foreign language]] [[Category:Diacritics]] [[Category:Accents]] [[Category:Public Search]]
[[Category:Language]]
 
[[Category:Foreign characters]]
 
[[Category:Foreign language]]
 
[[Category:Diacritics]]
 
[[Category:Accents]]
 
[[Category:Public Search]]
 

Revision as of 11:19, 4 March 2020

Typing Diacritics (accents) on the PC

The best way to type occasional accents on the PC is with the US-International keyboard. See Microsoft's tutorial for how to install it and how it works. If you only use accents infrequently and don't want to install an additional keyboard, you can use the built-in Microsoft Office shorctuts. For users with a separate number pad on the right side of the keyboard, alt codes are also an option.

If you frequently type in another language, it is recommended to install the keyboard for that language, so the keys you need will be close at hand. This page will show you how.

Using and configuring foreign language support in Windows

The first thing you need to do is install an additional keyboard. Once this is done (as should already be the case on all public lab computers), you just need to switch to that language using the Language Bar (or these keyboard shortcuts).

Configuring Your PC For Multilingual Language Support

Windows 10 - Classrooms & Public Windows Computers

Method 1: Keyboard input for foreign languages is pre-installed on all classroom and public computers at Middlebury College. It can be found under the Windows Start Image => 'M' Software Group => MIDD Languages.

Method 2: There is also a desktop folder called "Language Keyboards" that when opened will allow a user to select from a number of language keyboard options. Double-click on the .bat file of the desired language. This will install the keyboard option for the selected language.

Using The Language Bar

Windows language bar.JPG

Windows offers support for many languages including Chinese, Japanese, Arabic and Russian. You can type in any of these languages using any program you want with the Input Method Editors (IME) available in Windows.

  1. Start Microsoft Word (or any other application you want to use).
  2. Select the language you want to type in from the Language Bar on the taskbar:
    1. Click the icon in the lower right corner of your screen. A pop-up menu will appear.
    2. Select your language from the pop-up menu. (Some language options may require you to right-click on the language icon (e.g. CH) and chose Adjust the Language band position.)
  • If you accidentally close the Language Bar, you can reopen it by right-clicking on an unused area on the taskbar and choosing Toolbars -> Language Bar.

Keyboard Shortcuts

  • The faster way to switch between input languages is by pressing Alt+Shift to cycle through the available languages. Some languages, such as Japanese, will additionally require you to switch input methods - the keyboard shortcut for this is Alt+` (the accent grave/tilde key). For switching between keyboard setups in languages like Chinese or English (particularly useful if you are using the US-International keyboard), the shortcut is Ctrl+Shift.

Use the On-Screen Keyboard to find your way

An On-Screen Keyboard can be useful for some languages such as Russian and Arabic. To run the on-screen keyboard, click Start -> All Programs -> Accessories -> Ease of Access -> On-Screen Keyboard.

Input Method Editors (IME)


Typing in many non-Latin-based languages requires learning how these characters are transliterated into English characters. Consult the instructors in your department or Language School for more detailed information. Here are some examples:

Language Input Language Keyboard layout/IME
Chinese Chinese (PRC) Chinese (Simplified) - Microsoft Pinyin SimpleFast 2010
Arabic Arabic (Saudi Arabia) Arabic (101)
Japanese Japanese (Japan) Microsoft IME

Typing accented characters in Microsoft Office

You can type some foreign characters in MS Word, Outlook, and other Office programs without any special configuration. There are certain key combinations that signal your computer to use a character that isn't found on an English keyboard. These characters are actually pretty easy to enter in, once you learn the basic rule.

If you don't want to or don't know how to configure your keyboard to type in foreign characters directly, you can use this trick to enter in the characters in MS Word, and then copy and paste them into another program if needed.

The basic rule

On a PC running Windows, MS Word's foreign character shortcuts usually involve first pressing RTENOTITLE and some other character, and then pressing the letter key that you want to add an accent to.

For example:

  • to create a é character, press RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE; then release, and press RTENOTITLE.
    (The é is like an E with a ' on top of it.)
  • to create a ñ character, press RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE; then release, and press RTENOTITLE.
    (The ñ is like an N with a ~ on top of it; notice that just as you have to hold SHIFT to type a ~ character normally, you have to hold RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE in order to create a "tildefied" special character.)

Macs running OSX have a slightly different system; see the Mac instructions below.

The full chart of key shortcuts:

To produce... First press... Then press...
á, é, í, ó, ú RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE RTENOTITLE etc.
à, è, ì, ò, ù RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE RTENOTITLE etc.
ä, ë, ï, ö, ü RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE RTENOTITLE etc.
â, ê, î, ô, û RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + ^ key RTENOTITLE etc.
ñ, ã, õ RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE RTENOTITLE etc.
ç RTENOTITLE + < key RTENOTITLE
æ RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + & key RTENOTITLE
œ RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + & key RTENOTITLE
ø RTENOTITLE + ? key RTENOTITLE
ß RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + & key RTENOTITLE
å RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + @ key RTENOTITLE
¡                    RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + ! key
¿ RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + ? key
RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE + RTENOTITLE

Microsoft Office Proofing Tools

Proofing Tools can be purchased for Microsoft Office that provide additional text input and formatting options for many languages such as Spelling and Grammar Checkers, Translation Dictionaries, Thesauri and Hyphenation Tools. Proofing Tools for Chinese also have options for converting Chinese text to Simplified or Traditional characters. Proofing Tools are installed in most computer labs at Middlebury and can be installed on College equipment by request, or purchased from Microsoft for personal computers.

Mac OSX instructions

Typing in accented characters is the same for all Mac applications, including the operating system.

  • The easiest way is to hold down the letter that you'd like to put a diacritic over or under. A menu should appear allowing you to select the appropriate output.
  • For more complex output, you can use "symbol codes". A complete table can be found here. Unusual requirements, such as transliterating non-Latin-based languages like Arabic, may require the use of the Extended keyboard mentioned on that site.
  • If your chosen language has a different script, or if you type in another language frequently enough that you'd rather use the keyboard layout designed for that language, you'll need to change your keyboard input method.

For any of the above, you may also wish to use the virtual keyboard to help you find unfamiliar keys.

If you wish to not only change the keyboard layout, but also the language used in computer menus, dialogs, dates, times and currencies, you can change your display language. The steps should be similar for other earlier operating systems.

IPA and other symbols

If you need to use the IPA or other special characters, the simplest way is to use an online keyboard like the one at http://ipa.typeit.org/full/. Otherwise, on a PC you can use Insert>Symbol in your favorite Office program (for best results, make sure you're using a font with good Unicode support, such as Doulos.) On a Mac, you can enable the Character Viewer the same way you enable the on-screen keyboard above, then use the settings to display additional character lists.