Foreign Language Input and Support
Typing Diacritics (accents) on the PC
The best way to type occasional accents on the PC is with the US-International keyboard. See Microsoft's tutorial for how to install it and how it works. If you only use accents infrequently and don't want to install an additional keyboard, you can use the built-in Microsoft Office shorctuts. For users with a separate number pad on the right side of the keyboard, alt codes are also an option.
If you frequently type in another language, it is recommended to install the keyboard for that language, so the keys you need will be close at hand. This page will show you how.
Using and configuring foreign language support in Windows
The first thing you need to do is install an additional keyboard. Once this is done (as should already be the case on all public lab computers), you just need to switch to that language using the Language Bar (or these keyboard shortcuts).
Configuring Your PC For Multilingual Language Support
Microsoft provides support to configure and manage different languages. Keep in mind that you might need to install a language pack in order to see all the different keyboard configurations available. See Microsoft's instructions.
Windows 7 - Classroom and Public Computers
Keyboard input for foreign languages is pre-installed on all classroom and public computers at Middlebury College. It can be found under the Start button => Programs => MIDD Languages.
If your computer does not have the language inputs that you desire, you can add them by using these instructions:
- Add or change an input language (text and video instructions)
Using The Language Bar
Windows 7 offers support for virtually any language including Chinese, Japanese, Arabic and Russian. You can type in any of these languages using any program you want with the Input Method Editors (IME) available in Windows.
- Start Microsoft Word (or any other application you want to use).
- Select the language you want to type in from the Language Bar on the taskbar:
- Click the icon in the lower right corner of your screen. A pop-up menu will appear.
- Select your language from the pop-up menu. (Some language options may require you to right-click on the language icon (e.g. CH) and chose Adjust the Language band position.)
- If you accidentally close the Language Bar, you can reopen it by right-clicking on an unused area on the taskbar and choosing Toolbars -> Language Bar.
- The faster way to switch between input languages is by pressing Alt+Shift to cycle through the available languages. Some languages, such as Japanese, will additionally require you to switch input methods - the keyboard shortcut for this is Alt+` (the accent grave/tilde key). For switching between keyboard setups in languages like Chinese or English (particularly useful if you are using the US-International keyboard), the shortcut is Ctrl+Shift.
Use the On-Screen Keyboard to find your way
An On-Screen Keyboard can be useful for some languages such as Russian and Arabic. To run the on-screen keyboard, click Start -> All Programs -> Accessories -> Ease of Access -> On-Screen Keyboard.
Input Method Editors (IME)
Typing in many non-Latin-based languages requires learning how these characters are transliterated into English characters. Consult the instructors in your department or Language School for more detailed information. Here are some examples:
|Language||Input Language||Keyboard layout/IME|
|Chinese||Chinese (PRC)||Chinese (Simplified) - Microsoft Pinyin SimpleFast 2010|
|Arabic||Arabic (Saudi Arabia)||Arabic (101)|
|Japanese||Japanese (Japan)||Microsoft IME|
Typing accented characters in Microsoft Office
You can type some foreign characters in MS Word, Outlook, and other Office programs without any special configuration. There are certain key combinations that signal your computer to use a character that isn't found on an English keyboard. These characters are actually pretty easy to enter in, once you learn the basic rule.
If you don't want to or don't know how to configure your keyboard to type in foreign characters directly, you can use this trick to enter in the characters in MS Word, and then copy and paste them into another program if needed.
The basic rule
- to create a é character, press + ; then release, and press .
(The é is like an E with a ' on top of it.)
- to create a ñ character, press + + ; then release, and press .
(The ñ is like an N with a ~ on top of it; notice that just as you have to hold SHIFT to type a ~ character normally, you have to hold + in order to create a "tildefied" special character.)
Macs running OSX have a slightly different system; see the Mac instructions below.
The full chart of key shortcuts:
|To produce...||First press...||Then press...|
|á, é, í, ó, ú||+||etc.|
|à, è, ì, ò, ù||+||etc.|
|ä, ë, ï, ö, ü||+ +||etc.|
|â, ê, î, ô, û||+ + ^ key||etc.|
|ñ, ã, õ||+ +||etc.|
|ç||+ < key|
|æ||+ + & key|
|œ||+ + & key|
|ø||+ ? key|
|ß||+ + & key|
|å||+ + @ key|
|¡||+ + + ! key|
|¿||+ + + ? key|
Microsoft Office Proofing Tools
Proofing Tools can be purchased for Microsoft Office that provide additional text input and formatting options for many languages such as Spelling and Grammar Checkers, Translation Dictionaries, Thesauri and Hyphenation Tools. Proofing Tools for Chinese also have options for converting Chinese text to Simplified or Traditional characters. Proofing Tools are installed in most computer labs at Middlebury and can be installed on College equipment by request, or purchased from Microsoft for personal computers.
Mac OSX instructions
Typing in accented characters is the same for all Mac applications, including the operating system.
- The easiest way is to hold down the letter that you'd like to put a diacritic over or under. A menu should appear allowing you to select the appropriate output.
- For more complex output, you can use "symbol codes". A complete table can be found here. Unusual requirements, such as transliterating non-Latin-based languages like Arabic, may require the use of the Extended keyboard mentioned on that site.
- If your chosen language has a different script, or if you type in another language frequently enough that you'd rather use the keyboard layout designed for that language, you'll need to change your keyboard input method.
For any of the above, you may also wish to use the virtual keyboard to help you find unfamiliar keys.
If you wish to not only change the keyboard layout, but also the language used in computer menus, dialogs, dates, times and currencies, you can follow these steps. The steps should be similar for other earlier operating systems.
IPA and other symbols
If you need to use the IPA or other special characters, the simplest way is to use an online keyboard like the one at http://ipa.typeit.org/full/. Otherwise, on a PC you can use Insert>Symbol in your favorite Office program (for best results, make sure you're using a font with good Unicode support, such as Doulos.) On a Mac, you can enable the Character Viewer the same way you enable the on-screen keyboard above, then use the settings to display additional character lists.