Middlebury

Difference between revisions of "Network Troubleshooting"

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|+ '''= &gt;&gt; Information that we must have in a ticket &lt;&lt;= '''  
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|+ '''= &gt;&gt; Information that we must have in a ticket &lt;&lt;='''
 
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'''Important to find out:''' Is just one person having a problem, or are multiple people losing connectivity? Is a whole building down?  
 
'''Important to find out:''' Is just one person having a problem, or are multiple people losing connectivity? Is a whole building down?  
  
== OS-specific network troubleshooting tips ==
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== OS-specific network troubleshooting tips ==
  
==== [[Network Troubleshooting - Windows]] ====
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==== [[Network Troubleshooting - Windows]] ====
* (click the above link for quick troubleshooting steps)
 
* Intermittent network issues? See the [[Intermittent Network Issues]] article.
 
  
==== [[Network Troubleshooting - Mac OS X]] ====
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*(click the above link for quick troubleshooting steps)
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*Intermittent network issues? See the [[Intermittent Network Issues]] article.
  
== Multiple computers having connection issues? ==
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==== [[Network Troubleshooting - Mac OS X]]  ====
  
==== Hubs ====
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== Multiple computers having connection issues?  ==
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==== Hubs ====
  
 
*If ''any'' of the computers sharing a hub connection is not registered on the network, it's possible that ''all'' of the computers under that hub will be kicked back into registration. Register all computers on the network at the same time.  
 
*If ''any'' of the computers sharing a hub connection is not registered on the network, it's possible that ''all'' of the computers under that hub will be kicked back into registration. Register all computers on the network at the same time.  
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'''==&gt; How to register a hub?'''  
 
'''==&gt; How to register a hub?'''  
  
==== Rogue Servers and/or entire building losing connectivity ====
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==== Rogue Servers and/or entire building losing connectivity ====
  
 
#Note that one person calling with connection issues doesn’t mean the whole building is down. Ask the customer if anyone else is having the same issue. Generally we need a few calls to consider the issue to be building wide.  
 
#Note that one person calling with connection issues doesn’t mean the whole building is down. Ask the customer if anyone else is having the same issue. Generally we need a few calls to consider the issue to be building wide.  
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#If this happens after 5pm, check “SNS After Hours” (it’s a Public Folder/Calendar in Outlook) and call the person listed there. '''Be prepared to give all the information you would put in a ticket.''' Still make a ticket and indicate whether you have contacted someone about the problem.
 
#If this happens after 5pm, check “SNS After Hours” (it’s a Public Folder/Calendar in Outlook) and call the person listed there. '''Be prepared to give all the information you would put in a ticket.''' Still make a ticket and indicate whether you have contacted someone about the problem.
  
== Decoding IP addresses ==
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== Decoding IP addresses ==
  
 
We can get a little information about the computer's network status by looking at the first two sections of its IP address.  
 
We can get a little information about the computer's network status by looking at the first two sections of its IP address.  
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*'''172.17''' is the registration subnet. '''172.19''' is the '''penalty subnet'''; '''172.18''' is the '''quarantine subnet'''; '''172.16''' is connected to '''midd_secure'''; '''172.20''' is '''midd_unplugged'''.  
 
*'''172.17''' is the registration subnet. '''172.19''' is the '''penalty subnet'''; '''172.18''' is the '''quarantine subnet'''; '''172.16''' is connected to '''midd_secure'''; '''172.20''' is '''midd_unplugged'''.  
 
*'''169'''... Computer can’t find our DHCP server. See specific OS steps to clear any static-IP settings and flush DNS.  
 
*'''169'''... Computer can’t find our DHCP server. See specific OS steps to clear any static-IP settings and flush DNS.  
*'''192'''... or '''10'''… (BAD addresses for on-campus, may be OK for off-campus, see footnote <ref name="ftn3">&lt;sup&gt;Some off-campus college houses are supposed to have 192 or 10 addresses. Knowledgebase has a list of off-campus locations.&lt;/sup&gt;</ref>). May indicate a manual IP address or rogue DHCP server. Create a new location, reboot. If it still gets a 192… or 10… IP address, there may be a rogue DHCP server in that subnet/area. See above.  
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*'''192'''... or '''10'''… (BAD addresses for on-campus, may be OK for off-campus, see footnote <ref name="ftn3">&amp;lt;sup&amp;gt;Some off-campus college houses are supposed to have 192 or 10 addresses. Knowledgebase has a list of off-campus locations.&amp;lt;/sup&amp;gt;</ref>). May indicate a manual IP address or rogue DHCP server. Create a new location, reboot. If it still gets a 192… or 10… IP address, there may be a rogue DHCP server in that subnet/area. See above.  
 
*Other messages or unclear symptoms - Invite the customer to LIB202 to see if the problems persist in another location.
 
*Other messages or unclear symptoms - Invite the customer to LIB202 to see if the problems persist in another location.
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== Using the Fluke NetTool ==
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The Fluke NetTool is a small automated device that can easily test network jacks and cables. For details see: [[Using the Fluke NetTool|Using the Fluke NetTool]]
  
 
[[Category:Helpdesk]] [[Category:Network]] [[Category:Troubleshooting]]
 
[[Category:Helpdesk]] [[Category:Network]] [[Category:Troubleshooting]]

Revision as of 16:12, 30 June 2009


= >> Information that we must have in a ticket <<=
  • Name and location (building, room #). Make sure we have their extension or cell #.
  • Jack ID (it’s on a silver or white tag around or ON the jack, e.g. "A-0-12").
  • 'IP address,MAC addressandthe result of running the "arp -a" command.

Important to find out: Is just one person having a problem, or are multiple people losing connectivity? Is a whole building down?

OS-specific network troubleshooting tips

Network Troubleshooting - Windows

Network Troubleshooting - Mac OS X

Multiple computers having connection issues?

Hubs

  • If any of the computers sharing a hub connection is not registered on the network, it's possible that all of the computers under that hub will be kicked back into registration. Register all computers on the network at the same time.
  • The hub itself must also be registered, or the computers under it won't be able to get valid IPs. If computers under a hub are getting 169 IP addresses, check whether the hub is registered.

==> How to register a hub?

Rogue Servers and/or entire building losing connectivity

  1. Note that one person calling with connection issues doesn’t mean the whole building is down. Ask the customer if anyone else is having the same issue. Generally we need a few calls to consider the issue to be building wide.
  2. Talk to someone in SR immediately. Also make a ticket assigned to SR.
  3. If this happens after 5pm, check “SNS After Hours” (it’s a Public Folder/Calendar in Outlook) and call the person listed there. Be prepared to give all the information you would put in a ticket. Still make a ticket and indicate whether you have contacted someone about the problem.

Decoding IP addresses

We can get a little information about the computer's network status by looking at the first two sections of its IP address.

  • 140.233... Computer should have a normal connection.
  • 172.17 is the registration subnet. 172.19 is the penalty subnet; 172.18 is the quarantine subnet; 172.16 is connected to midd_secure; 172.20 is midd_unplugged.
  • 169... Computer can’t find our DHCP server. See specific OS steps to clear any static-IP settings and flush DNS.
  • 192... or 10… (BAD addresses for on-campus, may be OK for off-campus, see footnote [1]). May indicate a manual IP address or rogue DHCP server. Create a new location, reboot. If it still gets a 192… or 10… IP address, there may be a rogue DHCP server in that subnet/area. See above.
  • Other messages or unclear symptoms - Invite the customer to LIB202 to see if the problems persist in another location.

Using the Fluke NetTool

The Fluke NetTool is a small automated device that can easily test network jacks and cables. For details see: Using the Fluke NetTool

  1. &lt;sup&gt;Some off-campus college houses are supposed to have 192 or 10 addresses. Knowledgebase has a list of off-campus locations.&lt;/sup&gt;